A variety of different editing services are available, depending upon the stage your manuscript is in and its specific needs. The guide below discusses options.

 

The complexity of the task and the time required for it varies, so prices and deliverables do as well. Combinations may be possible with custom prices.

Formats: I use the "track changes" and "comments" features in Microsoft Word or Google Docs (your choice). This lets you easily see changes and suggestions, then accept or reject them accordingly. Reports are delivered as .rtf files.

Tracking Progress: While I'm editing, you will receive a Google Doc link to a file where I log my progress.

Payments: Prices are calculated according to word count.

Developmental editing focuses on the big-picture - the story itself rather than the words that tell it. It emphasizes emotional and thematic impact, marketability, clarity, and effectiveness. It digs deep into your plot structure, character arcs, world-building, and theme from the ground up, looking for ways to strengthen these building blocks into a cohesive whole. Developmental editing is about the experience you seek to craft.

Style, consistency, and linguistic concerns may be addressed, but they are not a primary focus.

Why: Use developmental editing when you sense that something is off with your manuscript, but you're not sure what. It's also a great way to strengthen your story's impact on readers, clarify its themes, and solidify its foundation.

When: Developmental editing should take place early on in the process, as it involves working with the story's foundation and often entrails heavy changes.

How Long it Will Take: 3-9 weeks, depending on length.

What You'll Get: You'll receive a manuscript .docx with tracked changes and comments, as well as a 3-6 page report with notes for each chapter and an overall analysis.

Rate: 0.0065¢ per word (Example: $325 for 50,000 words).

 

Substantial editing focuses on the way a story is told. It delves into matters of readability, style, rhythm, pacing, and consistency. It seeks to maximize reader impact and enjoyment through compelling language. It also acts to ensure that the story communicates its messages, characters, and plot clearly and effectively.

 

It's sometimes called line editing because, unlike developmental editing, this editing phase focuses on the manuscript's creative elements on a sentence-by-sentence level. It strengthens an existing foundation.

 

Grammar may be addressed but isn't a focus.

Why: Use substantial editing when you're satisfied with your overall plot, but want to strengthen how it's told. Substantial editing is about maximizing the potential of your story, characters, worlds, and themes by addressing the way they are communicated to your readers.

When: Substantial editing works best after the big-picture elements of your story are settled, but before moving on from creative concerns to technical ones such as grammar.

How Long it Will Take: 2-8 weeks, depending on length.

What You'll Get: You'll receive a manuscript .docx with tracked changes and comments, as well as a 2-4 page report with notes for each chapter and an overall analysis.

Rate: 0.006¢ per word (Example: $300 for 50,000 words).

 

Copyediting checks for grammar, spelling, punctuation, and other linguistic errors.

 

Unlike proofreading, it also includes looking for ways to improve the effectiveness and clarity of these elements. It checks for internal consistency (e.g. making sure a character doesn't have blue eyes in one chapter and brown in another), factual accuracy (when applicable to your story), and stylistic cohesiveness.

 

However, unlike substantial editing, it does not take the story itself or other creative aspects into consideration, focusing only on language.

Why: Use copyediting to ensure that your manuscript is linguistically and stylistically polished. Copyediting exists between substantial editing and proofreading, essentially offering a more in-depth version of the latter that works on style, effectiveness, and consistency without digging into already solidified creative elements. Copyediting is perfect for addressing linguistic clarity and technical errors because of its focus on those concerns.

When: Perform copyediting after your creative elements are settled, but before a final proofread.

How Long it Will Take: 2-8 weeks, depending on length.

What You'll Get: You'll receive a manuscript .docx with tracked changes and comments.

Rate: 0.0045¢ per word (Example: $225 for 50,000 words).

 

Proofreading checks for grammar, spelling, punctuation, and other linguistic errors.

Unlike copyediting, it does not take other factors into account. Style and story remain untouched, as proofreading assumes the manuscript is otherwise ready for publication. Proofreading offers a purely technical edit, focused exclusively on accuracy and polish. Its sole mission is to catch linguistic mistakes.

Why: Use proofreading to ensure that you're presenting a polished product to your audience.

When: Proofreading is a final step before publication. It should be performed on an otherwise finished manuscript.

How Long it Will Take: 2-6 weeks, depending on length.

What You'll Get: You'll receive a manuscript .docx with tracked changes and comments.

Rate: 0.0035¢ per word (Example: $175 for 50,000 words).

A manuscript critique is an in-depth, analytic review of your story. It offers impressions on big-picture elements - story development, character arcs, world cohesiveness, and thematic impact - but also on aspects such as style, voice, pacing, and readability.

​Unlike developmental editing, a critique's feedback focuses on the current experience provided by the manuscript, instead of delving into ways to rebuild that experience or create a specific one.

Manuscript critiquing is not an editing service. Instead, it offers insight for use when self-editing.

Why: Manuscript critiquing is helpful for those who feel comfortable performing in-depth edits without guidance, but who also feel the need for a second, seasoned set of eyes. It helps identify elements that need more work, as well as those that excel.

When: Critiquing works well during any phase when you desire detailed feedback.

How Long it Will Take: 1-4 weeks, depending on length.

What You'll Get: You'll receive a manuscript .docx with comments (focused on impressions and questions) and a 2-3 page review report offering thoughts on each chapter as well as the overall manuscript.

Rate: 0.0025¢ per word (Example: $125 for 50,000 words).

 
 

Sensitivity readings are performed by readers who share POC, LGBTQIA+, immigrant, religious, disabled, neurodivergent, or other marginalized statuses with characters in your manuscript.

Most authors have great intentions, but if you do not share a marginalized aspect of a character's identity, it is easy to mishandle nuances in ways that may be hurtful or inaccurate without meaning to. This is especially true if these concepts play a large role in your plot or your character's development.

Sensitivity readers review how these elements are handled, and offer suggestions that empower your manuscript with empathy and realism.

Why: Use sensitivity readers to ensure that you don't accidentally harm the readers you intend to represent and to avoid inaccuracies, hurtful tropes, damaging narratives, and problematic language.

When: Sensitivity reading works well after the plot and characters are ready to present in a polished form, but before the content is entirely set in stone.

How Long it Will Take: 1-4 weeks, depending on length.

What You'll Get: You'll receive a manuscript .docx with comments (regarding the relevant characters) and a 2-3 page report offering impressions and suggestions.

Rate: 0.0025¢ per word (Example: $125 for 50,000 words).

Please specify in the Google Form which you would like analyzed when inquiring about a sensitivity reading.

Request a no-obligation editing sample of your first 5 pages.

If you're not sure which editing service is right for you, we can discuss options after I learn a bit about your book via the Google Form.